Scientists inside the US are examining the way plants convert solar power into liquid fuels, and have located that although photosynthesis in plants creates less energy from sunlight than man-made solar cells, genetic modifications could bring about inexpensive bio-solar power.

According to David Kramer, Hannah Distinguished Professor of Photosynthesis and Bioenergetics at Michigan State University, photosynthesis evolved to assist power a living issue; get the balance of solar conversion incorrect as well as the entire method becomes toxic to life. Solar cells, alternatively, produce much more energy simply because they will need only send electrical energy down a wire.

Kramer is really a lead researcher and the co-author of a paper published within the latest problem of Science magazine which attempts to solution the question of regardless of whether photovoltaic (PV) solar cells are far more efficient than photosynthesis.
The paper identified that in plants, as much as 80 percent of absorbed solar energy is dumped to prevent killing the organism, top to an annual energy efficiency of 1-4 percent. Solar PV cells provide more than 10 %. The paper’s authors feel that by means of bio-engineering, plants could create and store more solar power.

“This is critical since it’s the process that powers all of life in our ecosystem,” Kramer says. “The efficiency of photosynthesis, and our ability to enhance it, is essential to whether or not the whole biofuels business is viable.”